Leverage

Overview

The Factor leverage strategy enables users to benefit from the differences between the cost of borrowing and the expected profit generated from the borrowed liquidity. Put simply, one-click on the Factor dApp enables you to access up to 4x your initial capital value. Leveraged positions opens a borrow position against your collateralized assets to enable access to further liquidity.

Factor Studio combines multiple DeFi primitives into a single leverage transaction to enable the creation of leverage on DeFi positions:

  1. Supply initial asset token to lending protocol (i.e. Silo, Aave, etc.)

  2. Flash loan debt token from Balancer

  3. Swap flash loaned debt token for asset token on OpenOcean

  4. Add swapped asset token to lending protocol

  5. Borrow debt token from lending protocol to repay flash loan from Balancer

  6. Repay Balancer flash loan using borrowed debt token

Note that the flash loaned value is added to the position's collateral as asset token while the position incurs interest payments on the debt token equalling the flash loaned value.

Liquidation Thresholds

Lending protocols each define their own collateralization ratio that dictates the maximum value of debt tokens that can be borrowed relative to the value of the collateralized asset tokens.

While this ensures the solvency of the protocol, this means that leveraged positions are liable to being liquidated once it becomes undercollateralized. The Factor dApp enables you to track key liquidation threshold metrics such as the position's Health Factor as well as the projected Liquidation Price.

As crypto markets can be volatile, please pay particular attention to the liquidation thresholds and provide additional buffers to keep your funds safe.

What This Means

By depositing into Factor leverage vaults, you can amplify your potential returns by taking either a:

  • Long position (🐂): Supply asset token which you believe will increase in value relative to the debt token thereby amplifying your exposure to any asset gains. For example, by taking a leveraged WETH/USDC position, the value of the debt (i.e. USDC) to the collateral (i.e. WETH) decreases if WETH increases in price relative to USDC.

  • Short position (đŸģ): Borrow debt token which you believe will decrease in value relative to the asset token thereby reducing your debt obligations. For example, by taking a leveraged USDC/WETH position, the value of the debt (i.e. WETH) to the collateral (i.e. USDC) decreases if WETH decreases in price relative to USDC.

Get Started With Leverage Strategies!

You can visit our Leverage User Guides if you would like to get started with leverage strategies.

Examples

Strategy Parameters

  • Asset token: WETH

  • Debt token: USDC

  • Price ratio: 1WETH:3,000USDC

  • Leverage vault: WETH/USDC

Position Parameters

  • Leverage multiplier: 4

Deposit Parameters

  • Initial capital: 1WETH

Strategy Execution

Strategy Results

  • WETH exposure -> 4WETH×supplyAPY4\text{WETH}\times{\text{supplyAPY}}

  • USDC debt obligation -> 9000USDC×borrowAPY9000\text{USDC}\times{\text{borrowAPY}}

Profit Condition

Assuming the difference between supplyAPYsupplyAPY and borrowAPYborrowAPY is negligible, the position earns 4x the profit for every increment in WETH price.

If WETH price increases 1% to 1WETH:3,030USDC, the position's collateral of 4WETH is now worth 12,120USDC. By choosing to close the position and repay the loans (i.e. 9,000USDC), the depositor is left with the initial capital of 1WETH and a profit of 120USDC. This equates to a 4x profit based on the depositor's initial outlay (i.e. every 1% gain in WETH is multiplied by the leverage multiplier).

Leverage Risks

The leverage multiplier also works in the opposite direction if the WETH prices drop. This means that the higher the leverage multiplier, the higher the risks of liquidation as the debt value remains the same while the position's collateral value drops significantly.

For example, a 1% drop in WETH price to 1WETH:2,070USDC results in the position's collateral of 4WETH being valued at 11,880USDC. Upon paying back the 9,000USDC debt, the depositor is only able to retrieve 0.96ETH (i.e. a 4% loss).

Notice that for the collateral to always cover the debt obligations, WETH can only drop a maximum of 25% before the position becomes undercollateralized and therefore liable to forced liquidations.

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